Lessons from Socrates’ philosophy as a way of life
Socrates, as a Philosopher, lives to make a significant impact in the minds of many people in both the traditional and contemporary worlds. In most of his philosophes, he uses the gift of wisdom, critical thinking, intelligence and courage. Strength and interest in personality make Socrates be a man of profound knowledge. Socrates lives to be a discovery man in understanding the truth, elements that improve good life and moral life understanding (Ritter, 2015). Routledge. Factors such as critical and thoughtful sense are indeed one of the most virtues that become common in the presence of Socrates. He seeks to define justice as one of the significant human attributes as states of the human soul. Socrates philosophy impacts essential values to modern society. Benefits such as critical thinking, wisdom and intelligence have been used by many students, mainly those studying philosophical studies to help in dealing with contemporary problems in society.
Reflecting from the Plato’s Republic, the human soul comprises of virtues that help a person to reason, have an appetite in acquiring knowledge, and a stronger spirit in believing in change. The philosophy of Socrates remains to be an essential tool that can be used by people in modern society to change on attitude towards life. From the book, despite Socrates being poor in writing, he remains to be considered as one of the philosophers who changed the general view of people towards change in behavior. In most causes fighting for reform of life realities usually come with frustrations or negative results. In the book, Socrates faces trial and death in the hands of the Athenian government because the government defines him as a person behind the fight of behavioral change in people in society.
The life of Socrates can be considered as being dramatic to fit in modern society. However, many people today have found his philosophies to be quite impressive by writing many books about his opinion. Many people today have discovered his views to have strange conventions in the fifth revolution of the Athens century (Ritter, 2015). More so, the nature of knowledge portrayed in his philosophy reflects compelling virtues. Virtues such as personality, appearance, behavior, and different kinds of methods impacted the theme of behavioral change in society. According to the history of Athens, after the death of Socrates, many more Socrates’s are continued to be born.
The definition of the philosophy of Socrates compelled us as a sense of refection to the work of other philosophies from prominent people. For instance, from the book, one of the eminent philosophers, Anaxagoras, claimed that the intelligence of man built on the understanding of possession of two hands (Ritter, 2015). The ownership of two hands is what helps people to manage several activities that can help in improving the standards of living. The teachings of both Socrates and Anaxagoras philosophy implies that the superiority of humankind mainly focuses on developing the personal soul. The soul is responsible for the governing of the human body and the development of divinity. Socrates’s philosophy demonstrates that human beings, in most cases, do not suffer from the possession of supernatural creatures such as gods and goddesses. It is likely that from the philosophy of Socrates, the attitude and belief in supernatural beings can result to awkward control of the body through a change of immorality and the human soul.
From the philosophy of Socrates, it is remarkable to note that the true dignity of the human soul can truss from different theories in science, which are the primary reflection of many philosophies. Various definitions of the opinions of nature can help show a lack of sense in the human soul. Combining different sets of acceptable units of several branches of science like physics shows that the scientific forms come first. Also, the reflection of social concerns comes second. The definition of his philosophy mainly focuses on the popularization of the virtue of wisdom which is an essential virtue in the lives of the people.
Lessons from the symbolism of Actions from Socrates philosophy
Understand humankind’s activities in the universe, and humankind needs can help in the implementation of critical thinking through focusing more on truths that increase change in behavior potential than the lies. Looking at Socrates reflection on his philosophy to the intellectual theory, it clearly shows that change in human behavior. The difference can positively impact on improving the ability to master essential aspects of knowledge without necessarily using external features. Socrates is associated with the true discoverer of the comprehensive philosophy that entails valuable lessons that directly reflects the ordinary life of a person (Hall, 2017). In most philosophies, it is easy to symbolize the life of the Greek community with modern society. Since the ideas in the philosophy reflect on how humankind can identify and express valid definitions of different species.
Socrates defines courage, friendship, and the art of living as the primary causes that lead to humankind’s happiness. The idea symbolizes that a prediction in a change of life of the people in society depends on specific virtues. Previously, the ancient culture described the virtue of goodness as the art of happiness. The technique of joy mainly relies on the science of the humankind’s soul that was reduced by worldly processions such as wealth and reputation. The opinion shows that sophisticated ownership is a factor that only in society opens the eyes of the male gender. The philosophy explains that the act of losing faith is one of the sources that attribute to the truth, which majorly carries the impact of humankind’s soul.
The development of science as a full area of study in the universe begins with the task of purification of humankind’s mind and soul. Mostly, the cleaning focuses on reducing the opposing views from other philosophies (Hall, 2017). Ablution helps to highlight various environmental qualities such as temperature changes and the surrounding rate of justice. On most occasions, the ecological changes eventually turn to reflect different virtues that develop the life of humankind if adequately used. The exact amount of knowledge of humankind attributes, which can also be the actual benefit, increases a more advanced impact on the completion of several other philosophies.
Difference between Socrates Philosophy and that of his Interlocutors
Generally, the philosophy of Socrates’ reflects on being deterrence and not a value of creation. It follows the dialectic form of conversation among people in society. As from the book, the philosophy of Socrates follows two main stages, referred to as irony and midwifery minds. However, this is a different case to his interlocutors whose philosophies which focus more on the revelation of intellectual aspects that impact positively on the development of virtues like love and peace. The use of a dialect form to present ideas helps Socrates to identify different elements in the field of human friendship. The use of dialect form gives a structure that efficiently helps to show the point of agreement between two close partners. The arrangement leads to universal truth recommended as the primary source for the development of the human soul.
Callicles, who is one of the interlocutors, is regarded as the main character in opposing the philosopher Socrates. In one of Georgia’s dialogue, Callicles saw as an aristocrat in the Athenian government that is characterized by political ambitions that describes the features of an influential person. Callicles is one of the popular philosophic that comes to differ with the philosophies of Socrates that define justice. On several occasions in the book, Socrates describes the sentiments of Callicles philosophy as hanging. The idea is because he mainly focuses on the change of the impact of justice, depending on how the Athenian government exercised Justice in the courts.
The disagreement brought by different views between Socrates and Callicles about justice in the book describes the highpoint opinions in the history of Plato’s. According to the philosophy of Socrates, for a state to be complete, virtues such as wisdom, discipline and the right justice are the vital requirements. He describes Justice as one of the basics of ethics and political aspects that build up a country. Justice is one of the complex and complicated concepts that achieved quickly. The activities taking place in society, together with the rights of the people are a reflection of the claims that build up the social order.
Socrates and his interlocutors tend to differ in the description of the meaning of justice. The findings of the two groups’ results to several definitions about what really the term justice refers to. One the first definition from Socrates, Justice, is described as the quality of speaking the truth and full repayment of the debts to the government. The description refers to as a clear reflection of the traditional moral implications that explain as being honest and competent. However, Socrates interlocutors oppose the interpretation of the term justice. Generally, policies such as paying debts, speaking the truth, being patriotic and having respect to one another are inadequate features to describe Justice.
According to Socrates, the first definition of justice by his interlocutors cannot reflect clearly to the challenges facing the people and the real power brought out by the skill of critical thinking. Polemarchus, one of the interlocutors of Socrates, defines justice as treating friends with an open heart while enemies in the wrong way. Socrates enacts pressure on Polemarchus to change the definition of justice since it was not suitable for a person to be a mistake for mistreating good people. The opinion made Polemarchus modify the definition of Justice by describing it as addressing a friend nicely and an enemy in the wrong way. Later Socrates rubbished the description of Polemarchus since harming him was a bad idea. The claims made Polemarchus drop his view about what the term justice meant.
Political Life from Development of the City
The republic of Plato’s comprises of several types of regimes that show different political systems in the lives of the people. The schemes included aristocracy, Timocracy, Democracy, Tyranny and Oligarchy which used to enact power to the citizens in the city (Seery, 2018). The aristocracy regime involved a system where the philosophical king regarded as the leader of the City with full capabilities. The Regime comprises three sets of groups, which include the ruling class, auxiliaries of the ruling, and order enforcers. The ruling class consisted of was identified to be having a gold soul. The auxiliaries groups composed of soldiers who describes as people with a silver heart. Lastly, the order enforcers involved philosophers who their hearts description showed to make up of bronze or iron (Seery, 2018).
Timocracy powers mainly caused due to male dominance in the ruling class in the city. Most of the leaders of Timocracy valued strength, which was mainly attained through political activities such as military conquest and fight for power honors (Ritter, 2015). The development of the city had laid opportunities for the growth of military organs that help to increase the Timocracy powers. The type of power enforcement on the kind of regime reflects aristocracy powers and systems. The leaders in the Timocracy regime applied skills in the field of gymnastics and war. They were also responsible for controlling human activities such as manual work and trade in the city. They are differentiated to aristocracy leaders since most of them were greed to take public wealth in the City for their use. The type of power directly forces the people in the city to respect the aristocratic abilities.
The development of the city also leads to the growth of the oligarchy regime consisted of a system of government which puts the gap between the rich and the poor. The type of leaders from the scheme was allowed to own property. They possessed characteristics by controlling the class divisions in the city brought out by the class of rich people and poor people. The regime mainly values on virtues such as temperature and moderation. Democracy, on the other hand, had featured as the government of the people (Ritter, 2015). The features included leaders that represented people’s concerns without looking at their personal needs. The democracy regime comprised of people who only take what belonged to them. Most of the people in the city preferred democracy regime compared to other types of systems.
The use of democracy regime in the city generated to tyranny regime where the interest of the people must be taken keenly. The system comprised of activities which make the poor in the city to become winners. The system was quite neutral to the life of the citizens in the City. The scheme focused on improving the lives of poor people living in the city. The administration reflects the effects caused by democracy regime. Most of the leaders in the tyranny regime lived to offer justice to the people for fear of being killed by the people. The leaders had features that resemble people’s leaders. The sketching on various types of developments in the city reveals the simplified political regime of tyranny. Most of the political systems used by the leaders in the City tend to favor most on leaders rather than the people.
Plato’s republic reflects on both the importance of showing justice and injustice to the people. The political regimes in Plato’s republic reflect on how different philosophers used to sketch the account of the magnificent city. They revealed that a great city needed to have a just government that takes the interest of the people keenly. Most of the regimes used to govern the city show how the citizens experience the rule. Socrates link the discussion about political justice ad leadership regimes to clearly describe the political life of the citizens
Pluto republic consists of a political system of government that involves concentration and power exercise endured directly to the citizens (Seery, 2018). The attention of power mainly ensured that people feel the leadership of the government. The policy used in the government focused mostly suffered from the use of expertise in the impact of political governance. According to the republic, the enforcement of jurisdiction followed different sets of arguments. The first argument focused on bringing in the effect of ideal political philosophy (Ritter, 2015). The philosophy entailed aristocratic powers, where the leaders use direct potential to lead the citizens. Mainly, the freedom of the people relates to determination by political judgments where justice comprehended on the needs of the leaders.
The second method involved practical political philosophy, where the impure knowledge of the leaders determined the type of political rule (Ritter, 2015). The exercise of power was dominated by the people who lacked a partial understanding of what practice of justice-involved. The law of the people was left to be an investment of people who lacked experience in leadership and politics. However, Plato’s republic advocated for practical philosophy that entailed mixed styles of leadership. Most of the citizens advocated for an institution of the monarchial rule that reinstates the use of democracy. Most of the philosophers, like Socrates, preferred the ideal political style of leadership than the political philosophy system.
Education Life from the Development of the City
Although the republic of Plato is known for its secure defensive way of justice, they also have a compelling philosophical system of education. The leaders in the city believed in the act of provision of training to its citizen (Barrow, 2012). Socrates possesses two different modes of teaching. One relates to school about warrior guidance and the other about the king’s philosophy system of education. He is a character that uses his skills in Education to provide a more stable system of government to the citizens of the city. He uses the method to Glaucon and Adeimantus. The town offers a more permanent account system of education by reflecting it to Socrates’ understanding and vision towards the need for training.
The approach used by Socrates and his interlocutors reflects closely to the vision brought out by the systems of the king’s philosophy account (Seery, 2018). The first account of education included with a purpose in the book. The development of the city brought leaders that use various complicated and conflicting ideas and objects to show the way to the scholars towards the attainment of knowledge and different creation of philosophies. The book examines several dialogues that explain the account of education in the city. It explains both the similarities and differences in the accounts of schooling (Barrow, 2012). Most of the statements in the book analyzed to reflect on methods equip a better education system to the citizens. It other words, they relate to the ideas and opinions of modern society’ type of education.
The most accounts of education in most cases arise from different types of the question raised by Glaucon, who described the system of knowledge in the city focus on the moderate and personal lifestyle in the society. Socrates suggests that those desires are more potent and vital when it comes to the field of study in the ideal city. On one occasion, the City faces many problems relating to land and security. The population increase impacts more pressure on the need for the significant property. Also, exceptional military security is needed in the city to provide guidance and protection from the invention of the city neighbors. The problems about population and security impact negative on the rate of the accusation of education to the city citizens. The military officers are used to enhance different types of training in the city (Barrow, 2012). The guardians described their system of education as a piece of music that relaxes the soul and builds on the development of the body.
The philosophy of the guardians about education uses a more friendly way to attract the attention of the people (Santas, 2014). It uses tales from the early times of the citizens’ childhood lives. However, the tales are expressed in a controlled way to prevent children from absorbing everything that is beyond their limit. Through the expression of precise tales, a high number of mothers and nurses in hospitals use the skills to build and change the soul of children and the people. In most cases, the children in the city expected to accept anything mainly explained without opposing the ideas.
The content brought out from the tales is mainly meant to uplift the lives of those people who are interested in learning. Socrates opposes different education views from great poets in the city (Barrow, 2012). He accuses the poets of creating poem tales that are unfit for absorption by the people. According to Socrates, the poem tales contain clear lies and also uses unrealistic images of supernatural beings such as gods and goddesses. Socrates uses another education system that mainly focuses on opposing the view about the psychic people. He clearly explains that none of the citizens ever engaged in disunity about the relation to the gods and goddesses.
Socrates, on one occasion, was asked to expound on the features of the city, which included community activities and gender equality (Barrow, 2012). He admitted that for an effective education system, the City needed to be ruled by the king’s philosophy system of learning. Socrates opposed the primary method of knowledge used by the Guardians as incomplete and difficult to understand. The king’s philosophy system suited to nature and expounded the city citizens’ mind on the development of several virtues. The virtues include courage which impacts in the time of war and ad trustworthy
Conflicts Involving Justice and Political Systems
Justice is one of the essential moral concepts that a society uses to enhance its political activities. However, many philosophers have tried to get beyond the real definition and the impact of justice in Society. The philosophers have viewed Justice as a virtue of character and a vital character in developing the quality standards of the political culture. Theories from Plato, Augustine, Hobbies, and Rousseau have produced different views on justice. The theories explain how different philosophers applied their own discovered approaches to show social issues.
Comparisons between Plato, Hobbes, and Rousseau on Justice and Political System
According to Plato, Justice is a virtue that establishes the rational order that defines the role of the people without interfering with the functioning of governmental activities. For Augustine, Justice is one of the cordial values virtues that require the people will take as the priority. Hobbies believe that Justice is generally an artificial tool; hence, civil society needs to have clear and transparent contracts with the people (Chen, 2017). Other explanations on justice have ruled it as an offering equal opportunities for fundamental rights to the people.
Socrates reinstated that the virtue of justice should not at any time used to cause injustices in society. The first part of the book ends with no clear definition of what was meant by the term justice. Most of the parties disagreed with the descriptions that were argued out by the first philosophers. The reports brought adverse outcomes that reflect linguistic therapy. The definition of justice by Socrates showed that the most popular opinions about justice-involved inconsistencies. However, the descriptions of justice partially help to comprehend the general meaning of Justice. Mostly, the democrats reported being making laws that directly support democracy while their counterparts aristocrats, created laws that support the growth of the government (Chen, 2017). The idea shows that justice is a universal virtue that increases the moral value of the society but also a critique to the ruling group. Furthermore, Justice is an inclusive virtue that favors the dominant group of people.
Equal liberty relating to fundamental rights is an essential duty of all members of society. However, several post-Rawlsian theories on philosophies have developed new definitions of justice. The Philosophies have described Justice as a virtue that shows respect to the rights, freedom, and dignity of the people. The explanation of the Philosophies also indicates that those who disrespect the rights and liberties of people should face punished. Even people need to live without interfering with other people’s rights.
The social contract theory mainly focuses on the basics of how the leaders practice laws to the people. The individual desire for security and the demands of the people explain more about the impact of justice in society (Chen, 2017). The hopes are mainly fulfilled through a collective agreement to transform social human life in an organized community. The concept of social contract theory reflects from various ancient philosophers in Greek. Thomas Hobbies considered being one of the founders of the social contract theory. However, the view of Rousseau has widely seen as a total disagreement to the opinion of Hobbies and Plato about justice and impact on political society.
Socrates reinstated that the virtue of justice should not at any time used to cause injustices in society. The first part of the book ends with no clear definition of what was meant by the term justice (Santas, 2014). Most of the parties disagreed with the descriptions that were argued out by the first philosophers. The reports brought adverse outcomes that reflect linguistic therapy. The definition of justice by Socrates showed that the most popular opinions about justice-involved inconsistencies. However, the descriptions of justice partially help to comprehend the general meaning of Justice. Mostly, the democrats reported being making laws that directly support democracy while their counterparts aristocrats, created laws that support the growth of the government. The idea shows that justice is a universal virtue that increases the moral value of the society but also a critique to the ruling group. Furthermore, Justice is an inclusive virtue that favors the dominant group of people.
Plato’s idea directly connects to the history of the Greek community over many years. The ideas he showcases in the text do not show a clear reflection about what should develop to the current political period. However, the opinions Plato reflect to the research of the political rule of Athens depending on their history and political view of his time. The idea clear explains the reason why Plato favored tyranny leadership. He thought that the tyranny leaders could endorse on democratic values of the government and the people.
There has been a lot of confusion on how to relate the work of Plato, Hobbes and Rousseau. For instance, the thought of Rousseau has considered acquiring his view on the affinity of the community and the virtues that depict in various societies (Santas, 2014). However, his perspective considered to have some similarities to the view s of Hobbies and Plato’s. The views of Plato regarded to have a positive impact on the purification of the people’s hearing. Rousseau expressed different gaps o the view brought out by both Hobbies and Plato. In many cases, Rousseau considered being a student of Hobbies. The reference is because on many of his philosophies, the views reflect different Philosophies of Hobbies like the principle of the political right that led to several reformulations (Santas, 2014).
Meaning of Justice
Most of the western philosophers described justice as the most vital virtue in all the merits in society. The definition of Justice on different views helps to build on the interpersonal relationship between people. It also helps to establish a stable society. Reflecting the historical impact of the theories develops a better understanding of justice in other terms, such as people’s concern of being free.
Political justice, regarded as a term that varies depending on the political aspects of the highlight. Political Justice is characterized by features that used in a political sphere, pointing out different styles of dealing with people and the way of treating criminal activities. Justice is one of the factors that directly related to the people of society. Social justice is a philosophical concept that refers to fair and equal treatment offered to the people. The term justice can also describe as an individual trait that has a grounding reference to the impact of social justice.
\Plato describes Justice as an essential idea in Greek society. On an explanation of Justice, he uses the word Dikaisyane to refer to Justice (Santas, 2014). The term in the Greek people refers to correct immorality or the kind of righteousness. The definition of the Word covers the aspects of personal conduct that affect the environment and the lives of other people. Plato had a high opposing view on the declining condition in the government of Athens. The effect comes since Athens’s democracy was declining at a rapid rate. Plato recommended justice as the only way that could use to save democracy in the Athens government.
Relationship between Justice and Conflict
Thrasymachus opinion is one of the primary sources that show where power is the ultimate goal. The views mainly focus on exercising power in any possible way. Thrasymachus defines justice is something that establishes the advantage of creating the rules to become stronger. Ability defines as an element that pushes the development of Justice. The government that pursues freedom is similar to the government that enhances the jurisdiction of power. Real democracy exists only if a government spearheads a precise exercise of power to its subjects. Thrasymachus comments that a government that is likely to reduce conflicts from the citizens
Conflict is a universal element that can occur at any time in any place. According to Plato, the cut or breaking of fundamental laws may also cause conflict. Aggression in human beings may also cause friction in society. Battle mainly starts from a clash between that rises from interest among people or between different communities. Conflict may even expand a result of differences between the speed at which the social norms change in the society and desires brought by different genders.
In contemporary society, different factors have attributed to causing conflict among the people in society. In the republic, Plato and Aristotle have different kinds of motives regarding philosophy. Both had different opinions on elements that used to govern humankind’s soul. According to Plato, personal fulfillment and mental desires play an essential role in ensuring that humanity uses the divinity of the soul to administer other people (Santas, 2014). This an opposite view to the view of Aristotle, where the ruling of the city should only focus on gender and not the soul.
The political and economic crisis is one of the primary causes of conflict in society. According to history, poverty, in many instances, has risen to become the critical aspect that triggers the start of war and strife among the people. Countries that lack proper implementation to resolve the problem of poverty are likely to face frequent and rapid disputes involving social injustices. Most of the conflict between the government and the people has reported being caused by activities that include the denial of fundamental rights and freedoms of the people.
The relation between justice and conflict generally produces one of the most influential aspects of society. Justice is one of the critical elements that apply to solve different kinds of conflict in a Society. The idea of having a definite system of justice leads to a sense of having a stable community that is free from crisis and conflict. Most of the factors that use to enact effective Justice in a community are the same elements that apply to solve the dispute in society.
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